Monday, November 14, 2011
The number of Indonesian pilgrims who dies during the Hajj journey Increase 257 People; How Saudi Authorities Learned From the Past and Prepared Well for This Year
Concerns about the many pilgrims who died a week after the peak Haj at Arafat, Muzdalifah, and Mina (Armina) .Data Siskohat released on Monday (14/11) at 09:00 Time of Saudi Arabia (WAS) showed that all day Sunday (13 / 11) the number of pilgrims who died was 257 people.
The number of pilgrims who died quickly when it jumped a day earlier than the data which only reached 212 worshipers. In fact, in the early days of arrival until late implementation wukif at Arafat, pilgrims who died on average only 2-3 people per day.
''Yes, today is the day to day peak number of pilgrims who died.The next few days the number will decrease. This trend that happens every year. Graph is always so,''said Senior Center Staff Health Department Kesehatanm Haji Abdul Hafidz, in Makkah, Monday (14/11).
According to him, the large number of pilgrims who died post-implementation follow the procession of pilgrims peaks in the region Arafat, Muzdalifah, and Mina (Armina) is mostly due to physical exhaustion induced factors. Disease that was already there getting worse. Even a healthy even after the peak of the pilgrimage, too sick. ''Last year on the same day also did not differ in number, reaching 47 people died in one day,''said Hafidz.
Computerized Hajj Integrated Data System (Siskohat) at 08:53 WAS, noting the last position pilgrims died when it reached 257 people. Regular pilgrims died and 245 people died pilgrims plus 12 people. In the data shows, most pilgrims died from Surabaya embarkation 53 people, followed by embarkation Solo 46 people, 33 people embarkation Jakarta, Jakarta embarkation 29 people, as well as embarkation Makassar 18 people. Most of the pilgrims who died of old age, 60 years and over.
Lonjakah number of pilgrims who died feel when you see the number of pilgrims who died until Saturday (12/11) at 16:18 when Saudi Arabia (WAS). At that time the numbers are still reached 212 people, with details of 204 people and eight regular Haj pilgrimage special.
However, at that time origin position of the pilgrims who died still has not changed. Most pilgrims died from Surabaya embarkation 44 people, followed by embarkation Solo 38 people, 29 people embarkation Jakarta, Jakarta embarkation 23 people, as well as embarkation Makassar 17 people.
Director General of the Organization of Hajj and Umrah Slamet Riyanto Ministry of Religious Affairs, says worshipers died this year aged 60 was a lot of up and went out in high risk groups (RisTI). "It's the age of 60 years and over many pilgrims who died in the implementation because it is a factor of age and fatigue," he said.
Second wave of pilgrims who come close to the peak of the Hajj, gradually began to migrate to Mecca on Sunday. They plan to be there as long as 8-9 to practice their religion Arbaiand i pray the Prophet's Mosque.
Still wary of the many pilgrims who exhausted after doing Armina, Coordinator of the Media Centre Medina Haji Zainuddin said the officer PPIH Daulay Daker Medina was aware of the health threat to the pilgrims. Because the general condition of post-peak decline hajj pilgrims in Mecca and Armina.
"We urge them to control the condition of the body, lest the congregation fell ill due to force myself to worship while in Medina," said Daulay.
In addition, he called for the catering supervisor team requested further enhance their work. This, he said, so that cases of pilgrims suffered health problems due to catering not happen again. "We hope that no cases of diarrhea caused because the issue of catering," he said. N muhammad Subarkah
Gradually Mecca Normal
The atmosphere of the city of Mecca during the past week was packed back to normal now. The streets became deserted. No more restrictions on the road or traffic diversion. Not to mention many pilgrims pacing feet crammed city streets.
''It's normal now. Increasingly empty. Next Friday we will definitely shop empty of visitors,''said Abdullah, a clothing merchant in a supermarket in the area Azizyah, Makkah, Saturday (12/11).
Abdullah acknowledged the city of Mecca is actually a small town.If you drive around it only takes about an hour.''Mecca is different from Jakarta or Kuala Lumpur are spacious and large. Here only crowded twice in one year, ie during the month of Ramadan and the pilgrimage alone,''he said.
Until Sunday morning, visitors to the Grand Mosque was already looking diminished. Crowded conditions in the vicinity tawaf and sa'i now loosened. Pilgrims who are still living in Mecca are now more freely when praying or just sitting for remembrance.
Normal conditions is also now seen in the area of Arafat, Muzdalifah, and Mina (Armina) is within a few days ago the scene of the peak pilgrimage procession. The area was completely empty. More than five million people who yesterday menyesakinya totally invisible. In fact, scattered and piles of garbage that had been seen for some time has now disappeared.
In the area of Mina for example, scattered trash is also invisible.The janitor who came from various countries are like Pakistan, Bangladesh, Yemen, Egypt, and Nigeria is still busy conducting the last of the remaining waste. A variety of trucks and heavy equipment are still visible terpakir pengeruh waste in place.
Building jamarat magnificent five-story is also empty. Inside the building is no more waste or residual gravel jamarat the betebaran. Saturday morning, yesterday (12/11), seen some of the remaining pilgrims from Turkey and Pakistan are re-visited.They are now back trying to throw stones at the jamarat fun while you take pictures.''Next Monday we'll be back,''said Karim, a Turkish pilgrims.
Makkah Mayor Osama Al-Bar, Arafat declared clean-up operation until the Mina region has indeed been done."Operation cleanup begins as soon as pilgrims complete the circuit of worship," said Makkah Mayor Osama Al-Bar, as quoted by Arab News yesterday.
Al-Bar explained that they exert no fewer than 20,500 workers to perform cleaning operations such holy places. They are divided into service units at 25 points covering the area of Mina, Muzdalifah, and Arafat. "This division so that the coordination can be easily done, so that cleaning operations can be quickly done," he explained.
Furthermore, he revealed tens of thousands of workers were equipped with hundreds of garbage trucks are combing the former point the crowd during the peak of the pilgrimage. 100 workers with a fleet of 10 garbage trucks are also alerted all the time, in the event of an emergency situation.
In Makkah alone, about 7,000 workers have been cleaning the city since October 27. Approximately 670 garbage trucks and other machinery mobilized to clean up the streets.
How Saudi Authorities Learned From the Past and Prepared Well for This Year
The Hajj is an annual pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in which Muslims from around the world converge to show their solidarity and submission to God. This pilgrimage is the fifth pillar of Islam, and every Muslim has a duty to participate at least once in his or her lifetime if able-bodied enough and able to afford the journey.
Hajj takes place for a whole week, during which Muslims perform rituals such as walking around the Kaaba seven times in a counter-clockwise direction. Muslims, in the millions, also head east of Mecca’s Grand Mosque to Mount Arafat, where it is believed that Prophet Mohammed gave his last Hajj sermon.
In past years, the Hajj pilgrimage has been marred by unfortunate occurrences resulting in the deaths of thousands of Muslims. In 1990, over one thousand pilgrims died after being trampled in a stampede inside a tunnel in Mina. In 2004, another stampede saw 251 pilgrims trampled to death, while in 2006, 364 pilgrims died at the entrance to a bridge leading to a stoning site also in Mina.
Following these repeated and unfortunate situations, the Saudi government took some precautionary measures to avoid such deaths during this year’s Hajj pilgrimage. As Fearn-Banks (2011, p.31) notes, the most effective way to manage any crisis is by preventing it in the first place.
Being proactive involves evaluating warning signs that a crisis may occur and consequently taking appropriate measures to prevent a crisis from occurring. Since the Saudi government is well aware that the Hajj pilgrimage is an annual event, it also realizes that each year there is a possibility of a stampede like ones in previous years.
To avoid further crisis, the Saudi government took preventive measures such as the dismantling of the old bridge in Mina, which was replaced with multi-level, one-way lanes to ensure a smooth flow of pilgrims.
At the same time, in order to prevent confusion and chaos, Saudi authorities numbered buses and tents in Mina according to the various countries from which pilgrims visit. The Saudi government also allocated billions of dollars to extend the Mecca mosque to create space that will accommodate up to 2 million pilgrims each year.
According to Fearn-Banks, there are three crisis prevention functions: issue management, risk management, and reputation management (2011 p. 31). The Saudi government seems to have used all three aptly. First, the Saudi authorities recognized that the Hajj pilgrimage is a trend that each year disrupts the normal running of the country.
Therefore, the authorities made conscious preparations to accommodate the changes to prevent a crisis situation like those previously witnessed. The country also applied preventive measures as a way to rebuild and manage its reputation, to show that indeed it is capable of hosting Hajj pilgrims effectively.