Holy City of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, will become the center of astronomical research institutions and conferences in accordance with the recommendations in order to unify the global Muslim League Hijra calendar, involving prominent clerics.
Recommendations of the conference is very important as they relate to the determination determination Qomariah month. Of course also involves the Islamic clerics, scholars and experts reckoning celestial sphere.
As reported previously the Institute of Islamic Jurisprudence (Islamic Fiqh Academy) in the Muslim World League, on Sunday 13 Februri 2012, held at the office of Muslim institutions worldwide conferences determination Qomariah month.
The fourth conference was chaired by the General Mufti of Saudi Arabia as Head of the Great Ulema Institute and scientific research and fatwa Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah Al-Sheikh, attended by Secretary General of Muslim World League Dr. Abdullah bin Abdul Muhsin Al-Turki and the Secretary General of the Institute of Islamic Jurisprudence Sholeh bin Zein Al-Marzuki AL-Bagmi.
At the conference addressed six related papers: pengitungan extent by astronomical reckoning in terms of negative and in positive terms.
The hearing was also attended by the minister of endowments and religious affairs Dr Jordan. Abdussalam Al-Abbadi, a member of the board of Saudi cleric Sheikh Abdullah bin Sulaiman al-Muni ', the former mufti of Egypt Arab Republic Dr. Naser Muhammad Farid Washel, a member of the conference scientific committee Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin al-Humeid Sholeh, a member of Islamic research institute in the Azhar Dr. Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Sholeh and members of the University of Imam Muhammad bin teaching Suud Dr. Muhammad bin Turki al-Khastlan.
The participants explained that the difference in the Islamic countries in the determination of Qomariyah months is nothing new, it is the differences that occurred long ago as the spread of Islam to the west and east to the south and north, but the difference is only felt in the days after the development technology and information.
The world seems to be in one village. The main difference is in the determination of Ramadan, Shawwal and Zulhijjah where there is a discrepancy between the date of the determination of Arab and Islamic countries and there is a possibility of them put together according to the shar `ru` yat Yeah and abide by the scientific arguments and dhanni qoth `i al- Quran and Sunnah and Ijtihad of Jurists.
After that diabahas three main problems, first: the texts of the Shari'a related Qomariyah ru `yat month. Second: the school of the jurist and the mujtahid in ru `yat syar'iyah method in the determination of an integrated calendar and moon Qomariyah Hijriyah. Third: to prioritize and choose the things that must be followed and applied in practice among Muslims today.
According to Abdullah M Omar, from the Consulate General in Jeddah on Thursday, the conference lasted three days diving the resulting resolution is as follows: First, that the original determination of entry and exit of the month is Qomariyah ru 'yat, whether carried out by using the eyes alone or with the aid of astronomy, and if not seen the new moon then perfected 30 days. According to the hadith narrated by Imam Bukhari.
The traditions of course, is the argument that the original determination ru'yat an entrance and exit of the month Qomariyah
Secondly, that seeing the new moon is mandatory kifayah, shall be invalid unless it is with this. This is reinforced by the actions and decisions of the Prophet.
Third, the witness must meet certain criteria set forth in order persaksiannya accepted and rejected if not met, istbat acceptable in accordance with the perspective to see the new moon, etc., and no doubt his testimony.
Fourth, pehitungan astronomy or astronomy is a science that reckoning there to support ru 'yat which has a foundation and a specific rule, the result should be considered, including adjacent to know the time, know the setting of the month prior to the setting or rising sun. Altitude of the moon on the horizon in the evening, which is preceded by its proximity to a little or a lot.
To see the new moon's testimony should be accepted if not impossible Rukyat considered in terms of accepted science qathi `issued by the appropriate agency official astronomical. It is in a state of iqtiron (proximity) or in a state of the sinking of the month before the disappearance of the sun.
Fifth, the new moon ru'yat minority in a Muslim country or regional area adapted to other Muslims as the practice of fasting and berbukanya unification.
Sixth, related to the country where there are Muslim minorities, who might not see the moon because of various reasons, then it must follow the nearest Muslim country or a country that is nearest the people of Islam. Discharge decisions on the new moon through a representative tersbut islamic center or other institution.
Seventh, the beginning of the month Qomariyah determination related to an issue of Islamic worship is the responsibility of Islamic scholars through formal institutions, while the responsibility of the astronomers and astronomical institutions in providing the detailed calculations related atronomi birth month and moon position, the state estimates at each place Rukyat and anything else that is information that can assist agencies in issuing Shari'a detail and correct decisions.
Eighth, the Shari'a does not prohibit the use of modern scientific methodology, such as astronomical calculations, surveillance equipment, etc. in the welfare and human relationships. Islam does not conflict with science and reality.
Ninth, if the entry of the moon proved by the institution and the Shari'a legalized by the government in an Islamic country it should not be in doubt after the decision is issued. because it is a matter of ijtihad which the difference is decided by the government.
Tenth, Islam calls upon the government to consider and determine the method Rukyat ru'yat institutions in this conference applauded the efforts of some Islamic countries and to create a place in Rukyat two astronomy, particularly efforts by establishing the Saudi King Abdul Aziz City for Sience and Technology.
Eleventh, the conference recommended that the Muslim League to form the world's scientific body made up of Islamic clerics and scholars who are experts in astronomical research and study of these areas. The agency is expected to be centered in Mecca and unify the commencement of the Islamic calendar which is used to Muslims around the world.